Ducks, Geese, and Swans of Canada [25]

We have information on most species listed by following the drop down menu to the right under waterfowl.

"Waterfowl are certain wildfowl of the order Anseriformes, especially members of the family Anatidae, which includes ducks, geese, and swans. Some definitions of the term 'waterfowl' include the saltwater shorebirds or waders, gulls, pelicans, and herons, as well as seabirds such as the albatross, but 'fowl' especially refers to birds used by humans for game. They have historically been an important food source, and continue to be hunted as game, or raised as poultry for meat and eggs and are sometimes kept as pets.

 

This web page of Canada-Hunts.ca lists waterfowl that you may encounter in Canada during your hunting expeditions. 

Warning

Duck Identification Guide
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has produced an excellent waterfowl 
identification guide. Use the link to the left to download your copy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Northamerican Waterfowl Flyways

North America's Duck flyways

 

Canada's wetlands

 

Unless otherwise noted, all species listed below are considered to occur regularly in North America as permanent residents, summer or winter residents or visitors, or migrants. The following codes are used to designate some species:

  • (A) = accidental occurrence; based on one or two (rarely more) records, and unlikely to occur regularly
  • (C) = casual occurrence; based on two or more records, with subsequent records not improbable
  • (E) = Extinct; a recent species that no longer exists
  • (Ex) = extirpated; no longer occurs in area of interest, but other populations still exist elsewhere
  • (I) = introduced population; established solely as result of direct or indirect human intervention; synonymous with non-native and non-indigenous

This list follows the ABA for determination of rarity. The markings (A) and {C} correspond to the ABA birding codes five and four respectively.

Extinction Extinction Extinct in the Wild Critically Endangered Endangered species Vulnerable species Near Threatened Threatened species Least Concern Least Concern IUCN conservation statuses

Summary of 2006 IUCN Red List categories.

Conservation status - IUCN Red List of Threatened Species:

EX - extinct, EW - extinct in the wild
CR - critically endangered, EN - endangered, VU - vulnerable
NT - near threatened, LC - least concern
DD - data deficient, NE - not evaluated
(v. 2013.2, the data is current as of March 5, 2014) [25]

 

Order: Anseriformes   Family: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, bills which are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils.

Population Numbers are cited in 10,000 units. Numbers are rounded to the closest 10,000. [99]

  • Greater white-fronted goose, Anser albifrons LC

    • 3,006 World Wide - 1,212 In North America [99] 

  •  Snow goose, Chen caerulescens LC

    • 8,350 World Wide - 8,350 In North America

  • Ross's goose, Chen rossii LC

    • 619 World Wide - 619 In North America [99] 

  • Cackling goose, Branta hutchinsii LC

    • 637 World Wide - 637 In North America [99] 

  • Canada goose, Branta canadensis LC

    • 7,389 World Wide - 7,389 In North America [99] 

  • Brant, Branta bernicla LC

    • 690 World Wide - 478 In North America [99] 

  • Mute swan, Cygnus olor (I) LC

    • 626 World Wide - 20 In North America [99] 

  • Trumpeter swan, Cygnus buccinator LC

    • 5 World Wide - 5 In North America [98]

  • Tundra swan, Cygnus columbianus LC

    • 402 World Wide - 292 In North America [99] 

  • Whooper swan, Cygnus cygnus LC

    • Population Unknown

  • Wood duck, Aix sponsa LC

    • 9,000 World Wide - 9,000 In North America [99] 

  • Gadwall, Anas strepera LC

    • 5,252 World Wide - 3,900 In North America [99] 

  • Eurasian wigeon, Anas penelope LC

    • 3,050 World Wide - 3,900 In North America [99] 

  • American wigeon, Anas americana LC

    • 3,100 World Wide - 3,100 In North America [99] 

  • American black duck, Anas rubripes LC

    • 910 World Wide - 910 In North America [99] 

  • Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos LC

    • 45,831 World Wide - 26,056 In North America [99] 

  • Blue-winged teal, Anas discors LC

    • 7,240 World Wide - 7,240 In North America [99] 

  • Northern shoveler, Anas clypeata LC

    • 5,940 World Wide - 3,800 In North America [99] 

  • Northern pintail, Anas acuta LC

    • 6,360 World Wide - 3,600 In North America [99] 

  • Green-winged teal, Anas carolinensis (A. crecca: LC)

    • 12,072 World Wide - 7,800 In North America [99] 

  • Canvasback, Aythya valisineria LC

    • 740 World Wide - 740 In North America

  • Redhead, Aythya americana LC

    • 1,200 World Wide - 1,200 In North America [99] 

  • Ring-necked duck, Aythya collaris LC

    • 2,000 World Wide - 2,000 In North America [99] 

  • Tufted duck, Aythya fuligula LC

    • 100 World Wide - North American Population Unknown [97]

  • Greater scaup, Aythya marila LC

    • 2,560 World Wide - 1,600 In North America [99] 

  • Lesser scaup, Aythya affinis LC

    • 4,400 World Wide - 4,400 In North America [99] 

  • Steller's eider, Polysticta stelleri VU

    • Population Unknown, Occurance in Canada Unlikely

  • Spectacled eider, Somateria fischeri LC

    • Population Unknown, Occurance in Canada Unlikely

  • King eider, Somateria spectabilis LC

    • 1,375 World Wide - 575 in North America [99] 

  • Common eider, Somateria mollissima LC

    • 5,296 World Wide - 2,275 In North America [99] 

  • Harlequin duck, Histrionicus histrionicus LC

    • 336 World Wide - 257 In North America [99] 

  • Labrador duck, Camptorhynchus labradorius (E) EX

    • Extinct

  • Surf scoter, Melanitta perspicillata LC

    • 660 World Wide - 660 In North America [99] 

  • White-winged scoter, Melanitta deglandi LC

    • 3.002 World Wide - 1,200 In North America [99] 

  • Black scoter, Melanitta americana NT

    • Population Unknown

  • Long-tailed duck, Clangula hyemalis VU

    • 6,475 World Wide - 1,000 In North America [99] 

  • Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola LC

    • 1,400 World Wide - 1,400 In North America [99] 

  • Common goldeneye, Bucephala clangula LC

    • 5,200 World Wide - 2,690 In North America [99] 

  • Barrow's goldeneye, Bucephala islandica LC

    • 265 World Wide - 264 In North America [99] 

  • Hooded merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus LC

    • 350 World Wide - 350 In North America [99] 

  • Common merganser, Mergus merganser LC

    • 2,382 World Wide - 2,000 In North America [99] 

  • Red-breasted merganser, Mergus serrator LC

    • 1,000 World Wide - 700 In North America [99] 

  • Ruddy duck, Oxyura jamaicensis LC

    • 2,210 World Wide - 2,202 In North America [99] 

 

[25] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_birds_of_Canada

[97] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tufted_duck

[98] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trumpeter_swan

[99] http://publications.gc.ca/site/archivee-archived.html?url=http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2013/ec/CW69-5-525A-eng.pdf

http://publications.gc.ca/collections/collection_2013/ec/CW69-5-525A-eng.pdf

Photocredit for Background

  • Mallards – US Fish and Wildlife Service - Flickr

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