Upland Game Birds of Canada

Unless otherwise noted, all species listed below are considered to occur regularly in North America as permanent residents, summer or winter residents or visitors, or migrants. The following codes are used to designate some species:

  • (A) = accidental occurrence; based on one or two (rarely more) records, and unlikely to occur regularly
  • (C) = casual occurrence; based on two or more records, with subsequent records not improbable
  • (E) = Extinct; a recent species that no longer exists
  • (Ex) = extirpated; no longer occurs in area of interest, but other populations still exist elsewhere
  • (I) = introduced population; established solely as result of direct or indirect human intervention; synonymous with non-native and non-indigenous

This list follows the ABA for determination of rarity. The markings (A) and {C} correspond to the ABA birding codes five and four respectively.

Extinction Extinction Extinct in the Wild Critically Endangered Endangered species Vulnerable species Near Threatened Threatened species Least Concern Least Concern IUCN conservation statuses

Summary of 2006 IUCN Red List categories.

Conservation status - IUCN Red List of Threatened Species:

EX - extinct, EW - extinct in the wild
CR - critically endangered, EN - endangered, VU - vulnerable
NT - near threatened, LC - least concern
DD - data deficient, NE - not evaluated
(v. 2013.2, the data is current as of March 5, 2014) [25]


Pheasant, Grouse, and Wild Turkey [25]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Phasianidae

Phasianidae consists of the pheasants and their allies. These are terrestrial species, variable in size but generally plump with broad relatively short wings.

Many species are gamebirds or have been domesticated as a food source for humans.

  • Grey partridge, Perdix perdix (I) LC
  • Ring-necked pheasant, Phasianus colchicus (I) LC
  • Ruffed grouse, Bonasa umbellus LC
  • Greater sage-grouse, Centrocercus urophasianus NT
  • Willow ptarmigan, Lagopus lagopus LC
  • Rock ptarmigan, Lagopus muta LC
  • White-tailed ptarmigan, Lagopus leucura LC
  • Spruce grouse, Falcipennis canadensis LC
  • Dusky grouse, Dendragapus obscurus LC
  • Sooty grouse, Dendragapus fuliginosus LC
  • Sharp-tailed grouse, Tympanuchus phasianellus LC
  • Wild turkey, Meleagris gallopavo LC


New World Quail [25]

Order: Galliformes   Family: Odontophoridae

The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits.

  • California quail, Callipepla californica LC
  • Northern bobwhite, Colinus virginianus NT


Cormorant [25]

Order: Suliformes Family Phalacrocoracidae

Although this is not a game bird it is permited to hunt in New Brunswick and therefore has been included here.

Cormorants are medium-to-large aquatic birds, usually with mainly dark plumage and areas of coloured skin on the face. The bill is long, thin and sharply hooked.

Their feet are four-toed and webbed.

  • Brandt's cormorant, Phalacrocorax penicillatus LC
  • Double-crested cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus LC
  • Great cormorant, Phalacrocorax carbo LC
  • Red-faced cormorant, Phalacrocorax urile LC
  • Pelagic cormorant, Phalacrocorax pelagicus LC

Cranes [25]

Order: Gruiformes   Family: Gruidae

Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking, but unrelated, herons, cranes fly with their necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays.

  • Sandhill crane, Grus canadensis LC
  • Whooping crane, Grus americana EN



Doves and Pigeons [25]

Order: Columbiformes   Family: Columbidae

  • Band-tailed pigeon, Patagioenas fasciata LC
  • White-winged dove, Zenaida asiatica LC
  • Mourning dove, Zenaida macroura LC
  • Passenger pigeon, Ectopistes migratorius (E) EX

Crows, Magpies and Ravines [25]

  • Black-billed magpie, Pica hudsonia (P. picaLC)
  • American crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos LC
  • Northwestern crow, Corvus caurinus LC
  • Common raven, Corvus corax LC



[20] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mammals_of_Canada

[21] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Game_(hunting)

[25] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_birds_of_Canada


Photo Credits for - Slideshow

  • Wild Turkeys – John Leighton - Flickr

  • Sharpe Tailed Grouse – Anne Elliott – Flickr

  • Ptarmigan – William – Flickr


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